WHAT IS A DIABETIC FOOT ULCER?
A diabetic foot ulcers are small, red, sores that can develop in those who have diabetes. Typically, diabetic sores occur on the bottom of the feet, on the ball of the foot, heel, or big toe—though they can occur in other areas of the foot as well.
Diabetes affects every part of your body, and can cause a small cut or scrape to become much more complex. Those with diabetes often experience foot ulcers that are slow to heal or become infected, and find it necessary to visit a diabetic wound care office for proper treatment from a diabetic wound specialist.
WHAT CAUSES A DIABETIC FOOT SORE?
Foot ulcers are common in patients who suffer from diabetes, and can occur due to any of the following causes:
- Poor blood circulation
- Nerve damage
- Irritations, cuts, or scrapes on the feet
- High blood sugar / hyperglycemia
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF A DIABETIC FOOT ULCER?
The following signs of a diabetic foot ulcer may warrant a visit to a wound care expert, such as Princeton Wound Care, for an evaluation and treatment options:
- Drainage from the foot (which may leave stains on socks)
- Black tissues surrounding the ulcer (in more serious cases)
- Skin discoloration
- Calloused skin
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETIC FOOT ULCERS?
Any person who suffers from diabetes has a chance of developing foot ulcers, however, your risk for the condition may increase if you:
- Have poorly fitting shoes
- Have heart disease
- Have poor hygiene
- Have kidney disease
- Use tobacco products
- Do not properly trim your toenails
- Are overweight / obese
WHAT ARE SOME DIABETIC FOOT ULCER TREATMENT OPTIONS?
If you are at risk of developing foot wounds, the best way to avoid diabetic foot ulcers and wound complications is to prevent them in the first place by using proper foot ulcer preventative care. If you do develop a foot ulcer, your doctor may recommend the following treatment options to help your recovery:
- Diabetic shoes
- Foot braces
The following advanced wound care treatment options are available at Princeton Wound Care, which can help the healing process for diabetic foot ulcers, especially when complications arise:
- Vascular lab workup
- Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT)
- Skin grafting
- Compression therapy